Organic chemistry a study guide and solution manual to accompany - G. Salomon.pdf

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STUDY GUIDE AND SOLUTIONS MANUAL
TO ACCOMPANY
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
TENTH EDION
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STUDY GUIDE
AND
SOLUTIONS MANUAL
TO ACCOMPANY
ORGANIC
CHEMISTRY
TENTH EDITION
T. W.
GRAHAM SOLOMONS
Universiy of Souh Florida
CRAIG B. FRYHLE
Pacific
ROBERT G. JOHNSON
Xavier Universiy
WILEY
JOHN WILY
&
SONS, INC.
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Library of Congress Cataloging-ill-Publication Data
Solomons, T.
Graham
Organic ChemistrylT. . Grabam Solomons.-lOth ed./Craig B. Fryhle.
Main Text
p. cm
.
Includes index.
ISB N 978-0-470-40141-5 (cloth)
Binder-ready version lSBN 978-0-470-55659-7
I. Chemistry, Organic-Textboks. I. FryWe, Craig B. 11. Title.
QD253.2.S65 2011
547--)c22
Study Guide and Solutions Manual
200903280
ISB N 978-0-470-47839-4
Printed
the United States ofAmerica
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2
n
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To the Student
Contrary to what you my have hard, organic
chemisty does not have to be a diicult course. It
will be a rigorous course, and it will offer a chal­
lenge. But you will larn more in it than in almost
any course you will take--and what you lan will
have a special relevance to
cannot, then you should go back and study the
precding material again. Work all of the prob­
lems assigned by your instructor rom the end of
the chapter, as well. Do all of your problems in a
noteook nd bring this book with you when you
go to see your instructor for extra help.
I
ife and the world around
you. However, because organic chemistry
be ap­
proached in a lgical and systematic ay, you will
ind that with the right study habits, mastering or­
anic chemistry
n
4. Write when you study. Write the ractions,
mechanisms, structurs, and so on, over and
over aain. Oranic chemistry is best assimilted
through the ingertips by writing, and not through
the eyes by simply loking, or by higWighting
material in the text, or by referring to flash cards.
There is a god reason for this. Oganic struc­
tures, mechanisms, and reactions are complex. If
you simply
be a deeply tisfying experi­
ence. Here, then, re some suggestions about how to
study:
n
1. Keep
with your work from day to day-never
let yourself et behind. Oanic chemistry is a
course in which one idea almost alwys builds on
nother that
U'
xie
them, you may think you un­
derstand them thoroughly, but that will be a mis­
perception. he reaction mechanism ay make
sense to you in a cerain way, but you ned a
deper understnding thn this. You need to know
the material so thorougWy that you can explain
it to someone else. This level of understanding
comes to most of us (those of
s
t
is essential, there­
fore, that you keep up with, or better yet, be a little
bad of your instructor. Ideally, you should ry
to sty one day ahad of your instructor's lctures
in your own clss prepations. The lecture, then,
will be much more helpful because you will al­
rady have some understanding of the assigned
material. Your time in class will clariy nd ex­
pand idas that are already familiar ones.
gone before.
without phot­
graphic memories) through writing. Only by writ­
ing the reaction mechnisms do we pay suicient
attention to their deails, such as which atoms re
connected to which atoms, which bonds brak in
a reaction nd which onds form, nd the three­
dimensional aspects of the structures. When we
write actions and mechanisms, connections are
made in our brains that provide the long-term
memory neded for success in organic chem­
istry. We virtually guarantee that your grade in the
course will be directly proportional to the number
of pages of paper that you ill with your own
writing in studying during the term.
s
2. Stu dy material in small units, and be sue that
you understand each new section before y o u
o
o n to the next. Again, buse of the cumulative
nature of organic chemisry, your studying will
be much more efctive if you take each new idea
as it comes and try to understand it completely
before you move on to the next concept.
3. Work all of the in-chapter and assigned prob­
lems. One way to chck your prgress is to work
each of the in-chapter problems when you come
to it. These problems have been written just for
this purpose nd are designed to help you decide
whether or not you understand the aterial that
has just been explained. You should also care­
fully study
S. Learn by teaching and explaining. Study with
your student peers and practice explaining con­
cepts nd mechanisms to ach other. Use the
Leaming Gp Poblems and other exercises
your instructor my assign as vehicles for taching
and lerning interactively with your peers.
e
Solved Problems. If you under­
stnd a Solvd Problem nd can work the related
in-chapter problem, then you should go on; if you
v
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vi TO THE STUDENT
6. Use the answers to the poblems ill th e Stuy
Guide in the proper way. Refer to the answers
only in two circlllllSances: (I) When YOIl have
inished a problem, lise the Study Gllide to check
your nswer. (2) When, ater making a real efort
to solve the problem, you ind tht YOIl re com·
pletely stuck, then lok at the ver for a clue
and go back to work out the problem on YOllr own.
The value ofa problem s in solving it. Ifyou sim­
ply read the problem and lok up the answer, you
will deprive yourself of n imporant wy to ln.
molecules, molecular models can be n ialuable
aid to your understanding ofthem. When you need
to see the three-dimensional aspct of a prticular
topic, use the Moleculr Visions TM mdel set that
may have een packaged with your textbok, or
blY a set of models separately. An appendix to the
Study Gllie that accompanies this text provides
a set of highly useful molecular model exercises.
8. Make lise ofthe rich online teaching resources
in WileyPLUS (www.wileypllls.com) and do any
online exercises t may be assigned by your in­
structor.
7. Use molecular models when
Buse
of the three-dimensional nature of most ornic
YOII
study.
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